In modern days, internet is not only for information for daily life, but also a communication between members of society, furthermore offer people to criticize and argue, so it continues to respect and harmony for diversity in society, lastly perform to contribute to democratization of social structure. However, not only this kind of good effect, but also it contains negative face such as distribution of illegal information like cyber pornography, cyber scam, cyber stalking, cyber sexual violence and defamation, so it always rises as one of modern society’s main problem need solution. Especially in cyberspace, defamation is very destructive because of the intrinsic characteristics such as interactive, anonymity, persistence, diversity, deregulation, also people can easily find the examples by pressing release. In these days, lots of opinion raised that there should be a necessity of strong criminal system. But, considering that cyber space is an important place to communicate expression freely, the limit of defamation is basically more should be become central than freedom of expression, and needed to be set find a way to overcome negative side effect of cyber space.
Not only modern lifestyle, but also people’s personal lifestyle and way of thinking is keep changing as according to the universal use of computers and internet. Among these changes, the databasing of information and networking new communication such as Financial Computation Information, Administrative projection, digital library, various internet information media, messenger, and blogging could not only grow necessity of information utilization, but also enlarge the information accessibility and application opportunity to society member, and cause the widespread dissemination of information so it continues to building a positive awareness base about the field of public opinion and also social diversity that It can’t be find in modern society, also It contribute to democratic culturalization in social. Structure which can’t be compared as other existing media. In other words, through the cyber space name “Internet”, each society member can overcome the realistic constraints about expression and information distribution which set by government, news, and media, continues that everyone can get a chance to become the subject of creation and distribution of strong social impact information. But, after the new government starts, as people know the example of false facts that spread by Internet message, people need to attention that creation of information by internet, expression the distribution of opportunities, liberalization is not only has positive effect for democratic culturalization in social structure, but also can give a bad effect, further more can cause destructive effect to society. If people decide that the negative part of internet is connected to distribution of harmful information, can type classified as defame, hate speech, and child pornography as a reason for racism, hierarchy, and cultural background by person, and groups which are in society. From now on, I will proceed with discussion about hazardous information at internet, especially, about defamation issue. First of all, as a confrontation on freedom of expression, I would focus on what is the meaning of characteristic of defamation and how it effects to others when it in relation to characteristic as information carrier. Although, offer the collimation point for alternative which can maximization the cyber space’s positive parts as free opinion formation and media of information distribution in negative functions are minimized.
Before knowing about righteousness of defamation in cyberspace, compare with offline, there are lots of characteristic of internet as information medium. First, it’s not a unilateral media, communicative media. Second, there are no one who control the information distribution process, so it is decentralized and open media. Third, there are majority producer of information, and receivers are also can active media when they want. Fourth, accessibility to media is magnified. Lastly, there are diverse ways to relay the information such as video, text, audio, graphic file. At the late of 1960, Internet made to cope in anyways from nuclear war or calamity as using by military network. Those several characteristics are can be demand to form as internet. The problem is according to the characteristics’ opposite side, they are implied that they need to consider about it in other ways about restrictions on freedom of the press and expression, not like other offline medias. At the past, people were more focused on free expression, but now they are keep being positive about putting strict limits on internet’s defamation. It is hard to conclude that universalization of internet and criminal defamation are connected because of this limited statistic. However, this could continue to gain persuasion about having stronger control about online device. In online by using internet, it is enough to affirm defamation’s severity, the object was limited at first time such as talent, social celebrity, but it is kept enlarge and now just normal person could be a target too. However, it is hard to deny that there are some hasty parts on reinforce of regulation of expression. It is nonsense to emphasizing only negative parts about having internet’s characteristic with defamation, it could be affected positively anytime. By using free expression, induced critical attitude and having open mind about it, and continues to transparency of society, can also beef up social cohesion and increase democracy. If we consider that the information has big ripple effect which is spread by internet, broad social attention can make a psychological effect than basic offline defamation. In other words, there are some opinion that people should attention on degree of damage, and affection by internet than quantitative of defamation. Meanwhile, the upsurge of defamation at internet, there are way more kind of case than offline defamation, people emphasize to alternative other solutions such as real-name-system, and strong criminal penalties. But in other side, there are some opinion that filtering the problem by using these kinds of solution can’t be a right thing. Internet is not only for anonymity, non-coplanarity, but also it is a place for free expression, and this keep continues the communication of rebellion and recount of internet, and it could control the problem by itself. As a result, in cyberspace, defamation is more focused on than free expression, so considering about find which way is cause smallest side effect.
There can be a negative side of computer and internet if it keeps become universal. It is an important problem that modern society must need to find a solution that computer and internet can be used as a way to cause crime. The defamation is one of the biggest examples of it. In cyberspace, it is need that attempt to find a solution about illegal information distribution and spread. However, while finding solution, we should firstly consider that how we look and be in agony about it. Internet is not only for new information device or form of communication, but also it should offer members of society about sympathetic values, in ultimately it conducts important function such as providing integration and securing democratic value order in our society. So, people need to keep do the efforts so the function can run smoothly and minimize the incidental negative functions. We don’t have to understand always negatively about cyberspace’s characteristics and make it to continue through total control system. In other word, people need to keep contact about the problem as members of society, and stay shape in various aspect than make a expansion of control by government.